Identifying Sectoral Priorities in Georgian Agriculture

User Rating: 0 / 5

Star InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar Inactive

Over the course of ten years since 2007, Georgia’s rural population has shrunk in absolute terms (from close to 2.1 to less than 1.6mln) and as a share in the population (from about 47 to less than 43%). Still, Georgia remains a traditional agrarian country. More than a third of the country’s territory consists of agricultural lands, and, according to the National Statistics Office of Georgia (GeoStat), in 2017, almost 43% of the population lived in rural communities.

Agriculture and food processing continue to account for a very significant share (about 25-30%) of Georgia’s total exports, but Georgia’s agriculture clearly underperforms (on average) relative to the rest of the economy. In 2016, about a half of Georgian employed and self-employed, almost 870 thousand people, were working in the sector. Yet, their share in total GDP was a mere 9.3%.

The purpose of the current study was to look into the key sources of inefficiency – and relevant remedies – for Georgian agriculture as a whole and three specific value chains: hazelnuts, mandarins and peaches. Thus, while paying attention to sectoral nuances, we were mostly concerned with the common challenges facing these three sectors and the more general policy responses.

Methodologically, the study included three main components: (i) a review of the literature and data, (ii) field research (visits to farms and food processing enterprises, as well as in-depth interviews with farmers, representatives of farmer associations, company chief executive officers (CEOs), Georgian policy makers, and international experts) and (iii) focus groups with representatives of leading farming enterprises in order to test our ideas and hypotheses.


Most Popular Blogs

Georgian Haves and Have-Nots. Who’s to Blame and What to Do?

Georgian Haves and Have-Nots. Who’s to Blame and What to Do?

Monday, 14 November 2016

According to EBRD data, Georgia is one of the most unequal societies among its post-communist peers. Moreover, the social and...

A Finnish School for Every Child in Georgia!

A Finnish School for Every Child in Georgia!

Monday, 15 October 2018

Georgia’s national curriculum is remarkably similar in spirit and content to its Finnish equivalent. There is only one “small” problem:...

Georgia's Medical Education: a Party Soon Coming to an End

Georgia's Medical Education: a Party Soon Coming to an End

Monday, 28 January 2019

The number of foreign students attending medical schools in Georgia nearly trippled in just three years. Georgia does not have...


Tbilisi, Georgia
Email :


Subscribe now for original insights
on Georgia's development

Please enable the javascript to submit this form